Tag Archives: Source

Electrical Circuit Contest - Win $10!

What's up? We are going to have fun!
This is our first contest for electrical circuits. Solve the problem, submit your answers and cross your fingers to be the lucky winner!

Problem

Find I_x and I_y:
Electrical Circuit Contest #1

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Mesh Analysis - Supermesh

Solve the circuit and find the power of sources:
Problem 1226 - 1
V_S=10V, I_S=4 A, R_1=2 \Omega, R_2=6 \Omega, R_3=1 \Omega, R_4=2 \Omega.

Solution:
There are three meshes in the circuit. So, we need to assign three mesh currents. It is better to have all the mesh currents loop in the same direction (usually clockwise) to prevent errors when writing out the equations.
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Solve By Source Definitions, KCL and KVL

Find the voltage across the current source and the current passing through the voltage source.
Problem 1213
Assume that I_1=3A, R_1=2 \Omega, R_2=3 \Omega, R_3=2 \Omega,I_1=3A, V_1=15 V,

Solution
R_1 is in series with the current source; therefore, the same current passing through it as the current source:
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Turning Sources Off


Turning off a source, which is usually used in solving circuits with superposition method, means setting its value equal to zero. For a voltage source, setting the voltage equal to zero means that it produces zero voltage between its terminals. Therefore, the voltage source must insure that the voltage across two terminals is zero. Replacing the source with a short circuit can do that. Thus, voltage sources become a short circuit when turned off.

For a current source, setting the current equal to zero means that it produces zero current. Therefore, the current source must insure that no current flows through its branch. An open circuit can do that. Hence, to turn off a current source it should be replaced by an open circuit.

How about dependent sources? The voltage/current of a dependent source is dependent on other variables of the circuit. Therefore, dependent sources cannot be turned off.

Example I: Turn off sources one by one.

turning sources off example 1-1

Example 1



Solution:
I) The voltage source:

turning sources off example 1-2

Turning off the voltage source


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Ideal Independent Sources


1) Ideal Independent Voltage Sources
An ideal independent voltage source is a two-terminal circuit element where the voltage across it
a) is independent of the current through it
b) can be specified independently of any other variable in a circuit.
There are two symbols for ideal independent voltage source in circuit theory:

Symbol for Constant Independent Voltage Source

Symbol for Constant Independent Voltage Source


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