Monthly Archives: September 2010

Superposition Method - Circuit With Dependent Sources

Determine  I_x ,  I_y and  V_z using the superposition method.

Superposition - Circuit with dependent sources

I. Contribution of the  -2V voltage source:
We need to turn off the current source by replacing it with an open circuit. Recall that we do not turn off dependent sources. The resulting circuit is shown below.
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Superposition Problem with Four Voltage and Current Sources

Determine  V_x and  I_x using the superposition method.
A circuit with four voltage and current sources to be solved by the superposition method
I. Contribution of the  -5V voltage source:

To find the contribution of the  -5V voltage source, other three sources should be turned off. The  3V voltage source should be replaced by short circuit. The current source should be replaced with open circuits, as shown below.
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Turning Sources Off

Turning off a source, which is usually used in solving circuits with superposition method, means setting its value equal to zero. For a voltage source, setting the voltage equal to zero means that it produces zero voltage between its terminals. Therefore, the voltage source must insure that the voltage across two terminals is zero. Replacing the source with a short circuit can do that. Thus, voltage sources become a short circuit when turned off.

For a current source, setting the current equal to zero means that it produces zero current. Therefore, the current source must insure that no current flows through its branch. An open circuit can do that. Hence, to turn off a current source it should be replaced by an open circuit.

How about dependent sources? The voltage/current of a dependent source is dependent on other variables of the circuit. Therefore, dependent sources cannot be turned off.

Example I: Turn off sources one by one.

turning sources off example 1-1

Example 1

I) The voltage source:

turning sources off example 1-2

Turning off the voltage source

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