The superposition theorem states that the response (voltage or current) in any branch of a linear circuit which has more than one independent source equals the algebraic sum of the responses caused by each independent source acting alone, while all other independent sources are turned off (made zero).
There are two sources, so we need to turn them off one by one and calculate associated values.
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Let’s start with the current source. To turn a current source off we need to replace it with an open circuit. Easiest way to remember this is that to turn off a source we must make its value zero and for a current source we need to make its current zero. Zero current means no way for current to pass and that is possible with an open circuit.
and are in series and also and :
Now and are parallel:
So using Ohm’s law:
To continue solving the circuit with the Superposition method, we should make the voltage source zero and find the contribution of the current source on . Making voltage source means replacing it with a short circuit. Similar to the current source, you may memorize this by remembering that you need to make the source value (here: voltage) equal to zero and to force zero voltage drop between two points you need to connect them.
For a moment forget and concentrate on finding current of resistors. If we have the current of resistors, we can easily apply KCL and find . So, and are parallel and also and are parallel:
Now, we can find their voltage drops:
Please note that the voltage drop on is the same as and voltage drops, because the circuits are equivalent and all are connected to the same nodes. The same statement is correct for voltage drop and and voltage drops. So
To find all we need is to write KCL at one of the nodes:
and can be found using Ohm’s law:
Now, replace resistor with a one and solve the circuit using superposition method. Let me now your answer below in the comments section.